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Investment Program Performance Monitoring System (IPPMS)

1. INTRODUCTION

An important feature of RUSDIP is concurrent Investment Program Performance Monitoring System (IPPMS) of various packages as they are planned and implemented. RUSDIP has also provided for an exclusive agency to undertake this task, with the active involvement of implementing agencies. PPMS will be used as the principal tool to ensure that the work at site of various packages in the Project are performed effectively & timely conceived with specific benefits accruing to the target groups, leading to realization of global objectives of the RUSDIP. The PPMS seeks to go much beyond ordinary reporting table based documents and would be based on periodic surveys & regular interaction with implementing agencies IPIU's & DSC's to gauge the proper & timely progress of project & finally the response of the beneficiaries and the stakeholders. RUSDIP has engaged M/s. Tetra Tech India Ltd. as consultant for IPPMS and firm has been mobilized from September, 2008.

2. OBJECTIVES:
One of the prime objectives of Project is to ensure that project facilities are managed efficiently and that benefits reach to target groups to a very large extent, the long-term success of the project will depend on ensuring that the various packages in the Project are conceived with specific benefits accruing to the target groups, leading to realization of global objectives of the RUSDIP. The program will monitor the delivery of services anticipated and measure benefits as they occur. In order to ensure effective monitoring and evaluation of benefits, various steps are required to be taken
(i) The preparation and analysis of benchmark information;
(ii) Benefit monitoring services
(iii) To evaluate the benefits of completed project.

3. METHODOLOGY:
To achieve a correct assessment of the benefits in terms of health, economical and social benefits resulting from the project, the IPPMS shall be carried out by the consultants in project cities in three phases.
Phase - I
During first four months starting from September to December 2008. Benchmarking and base line data for projects towns under different sectors like:
¢ Water supply, rehabilitation and expansion
¢ Urban Environmental, Sanitation Improvements including:
" Waste water management
" Solid waste management
" Urban Drainage
" Fire fighting services
" Preservation and rehabilitation of historical sites
" Fire Fighting Services & other Community based infrastructure
" Slum Area Upgrading
¢ Urban Transportation and Management, including:
" Rehabilitation of streets
" Rehabilitation of bridges
" Construction and rehabilitation of Bus and Truck terminals and the creation of parking facilities
¢ Community Action Participation Program (CAPP)
¢ Infrastructure Support to Cultural Heritage.
Phase - II
Will be started as mid term when work in major sector like water supply & waste water in some cities will be completed starting from July 2010 to Sept. 2010. Consultant will evaluate the RUSDIP works, But till April 2012 M/s Tetra Tech was not mobilized with complete supporting staff. In May 2013 M/s Tetra Tech send notice of termination. RUIDP Terminated the firm vide letter no 1682 dated 15/01/2014. At present EOI has received under evaluation and midterm evaluation will be done after recruitment of Agency. This work will be done after recruitment of Agency.
Phase - III
Third & final phase will be when whole of the project is completed . Consultant will prepare final Program Performance Report.

4. IMPACTS AND OUTCOMES

RUIDP Component   Output Variables Possible Social Impact
Urban Water Supply 1 Extension of water Supply to un-served/ underserved areas
a. Number of additional households and populations served with 135 lpcd
b. Number of additional business enterprises served
c. Increase in numbers of poor served

" Daily time saved per day by woman and children in obtaining water
" Improved personal hygiene in newly served households
" Improved food yield in subsistence gardens used to sustain families
" Increase willingness to pay for accessible water supplies

  2 Improvements in portability of water supply
a. Reduction in chloro-foecal bacteria
b. Increase in number of tests per formed
c. Increase in piped water supply service coverage levels to 90 %
Decrease in school absenteeism due to illness
Decrease in incidence of water-borne diseases
Decrease in number of working days lost to illness
Decrease in visits to medical professionals and in funds spent on medicine
Decrease in amount of time spent by women caring for ill children
  3 Consumption and Revenue
a. Provision of universal household connections and metering and bulk metering.
b. Increase in consumption of water which has been paid for from house connections
c. Increase in consumption of water which has been paid for from metered standpipes
d. Increase in commercial and industrial consumption of water which has been paid for
e. Overall ratio of water supplied and billed (VFW)
f. Reduction in unaccounted for Water (UFW)
Increased public awareness of necessity of payment for services
Increased pubic willingness to pay for services
Measurable public participation in decisions affecting water tariffs
Increased water conservation measures taken in households
Energy saving
  4 Financial Outputs
a. Significant decreases in discrepancies between amounts billed and collected for commercial and industrial customers
b. Significant decreases in discrepancies between amounts billed and collected for residential customers
c. Revised water charges project sufficient revenues to operate and maintain new systems and services
d. Significance in the energy cost.
Increased public awareness of necessity of paying for additional facilities and services
Increased community participation in management of water distribution and treatment systems
Increased public knowledge of relationship between effective water treatment and declining incidence of water borne diseases
General increase in public perception of quality of life related to new systems and services
Waste water Treatment and Management 1 Construction/Operation of New Sewage treatment Plants
a. Design of new sewage treatment plans to meet project needs for thirty years
b. Construction, operation and maintenance of plants in accordance with design plans
c. Decrease in chloro-foecal bacteria, other toxic solid, and nitrogen and phosphorous levels
d. Improved quality of lake and river water and reduction in volume of waste water discharge to water bodies.
Construction/Operation of New Sewage treatment Plants
a. Design of new sewage treatment plans to meet project needs for thirty years
b. Construction, operation and maintenance of plants in accordance with design plans
c. Decrease in chloro-foecal bacteria, other toxic solid, and nitrogen and phosphorous levels
d. Improved quality of lake and river water and reduction in volume of waste water discharge to water bodies.
  2 Expansion /Improvement of Sewage Systems
a. Increase in number of households connected to sewers by making it mandatory.
b. Tariff structure designed to ensure appropriate levels of maintenance and operations
c. Benefit to people with Water Supply of 135 lpcd by providing with sewerage facility including STPs.
d. Asset transfer to ULBs.
e. Safe disposal of sewage based on sewage flow equivalent to 80% of net water supply to house holds.
f. Cost recovery from sewerage charges
Increased willingness of residential and industrial customers to pay appropriate sewage taxes
Increase in general level satisfaction with quality of life in municipalities

Decrease in incidence of diseases associated with improperly treated sewage including cholera, typhoid, dysentery.

 
Storm Water Drainage 1 Generation and implementation of Drainage Master Plan
a. Rehabilitation and cleaning of major drains
b. Construction of major and minor catchments drains
c. Provision and outfall drains as needed
d. Reduction in incidence and severity of household and street flooding
e. Comprehensive Drainage Master Plan for all Investment program ULBs
f. Roadside drains and trunk outfalls to carry storm water runoff into natural channels, and adequate tools and resources to maintain the drains as per the master plan.
Extensive community participation in generation of master plans
Enhanced community knowledge of importance of efficient drainage systems
Community Participation in clearing drains of garbage, particularly polythene and other plastics to prevent clogging
General perception by communities that overall quality of community life has improved
Urban Transport Improvement 1 Preparation and implementation of Transport Master Plans
a. Preparation and implementation of parking policies.
b. Increased number of parking places
c. Construction of bridges at congested rail junction
d. Construction of flyovers at congested traffic junctions
Extensive community participation in generation of Master Plans
Reduction in commuting time to and from work
General perception by communities that overall quality of community life has improved
Solid waste Management 1 Improvement of at least 80% in quantity of Solid waste collected
a. Improved door -to - door collection from households
b. Improved collection from bulk garbage generators
c. Improved availability of municipal trash receptacles

Bagging and containerizing household and commercial trash for pick-up
Utilization of community organizations and individuals as paid refuse collectors
Increased willingness of public to pay for trash removal services
Increased public awareness of health benefits of appropriate waste strong and disposal
  2 Segregation of Solid Waste
a. Separation of organic and inorganic waste by households
b. Separation of waste by Refuse collectors
c. Separation of recyclable waste by bulk generators
d. Separation of waste into organic, inorganic, inert and recyclables at disposal sites
Increase public understanding of why such segregation is important to community health and quality of life
Community selection of Refuse Collectors who are knowledgeable of appropriate waste handing and segregation procedures
Increased expenditure by households on trash containers and other trash packaging materials
Creation of community groups to collect and recycle rags of resale
  3 Lifting and Transportation
a. Garbage in transit to be properly secured and covered to decrease sewage
b. Refuse will be removed from intermediate collection points at least twice per week
c. Reduction in quantity of refuse sent to landfills.
d. Treatment of solid waste.

Community residents will notice and appreciate significant decrease in refuse-related odors
Community residents will acknowledge greater cleanliness of streets and sidewalks
Households will be retain more than one week of trash prior its removal
Refuse removal schedules will be circulated to community residents, who will adhere to the schedules.

  4 Implement provisions of Urban SW management & handling Rules of 2000
a. Establish procedures at municipal level for treatment and disposal of bio-medical waste
b. Design and implementation of appropriate treatment facilities
c. Supply of equipments of Solid Waste

EImproved community awareness of important of appropriate disposal of bio-medical waste
Willingness of community to pay costs associates with effective and safe disposal of bio-medical waste


Improved living condition in Slums 1
Improved Infrastructure
a. Water made available to all households through group or individual metered connections or community water taps
b. Installation of efficient drainage networks with subsequent reduction of storm and sullage water
c. Improved facilities for human waste collection and disposal
d. Establishment of sanitary, Secure solid waste collection sites
e. Construction of durable all weather roads
f. Construction of Rain Water Harvesting Structures and Community Halls.

 

EExtensive community participation in planning of all infrastructure improvements
Decrease in incidence of water borne diseases associated with presence of solid waste
Higher level of community satisfaction with quality of life in local areas
Decrease in incidence of accidents and crimes associate with poor visibility in slum areas
Increase community satisfaction with ease of local transport
Decrease in number of days lost to school or work due to illness
Increased number of leisure and /or work related hours for women

  2 Improved Dwellings
a. Provision of easily-constructed designs to local community organizations.
b. Provide linkages for low-cost financing
Increase in number of acceptable housing unit for families
Increase in number of homeowners in local community
Increase in school attendance among children of new homeowners and other whose dwellings have been improved
Increase in general family health of those whose dwellings have been improved
Extensive participation of community groups in building of new homes and repairs of existing dwellings
Increased community awareness of health protection measures relative to water and sanitation
Fire Fighting 1 Preparation and implementation of fire fighting plans
a. Increased amount of fire fighting equipment in towns
b. Improvement in competence of fire fighters
c. Decrease in aggregate value of property losses due to fire on annual basis
d. Increased arability of water reserved for fire fighting

Extensive community participation in generation of Master Plans
Increased community knowledge of fire prevention strategies
Increased willingness of community residents to pay for effective fire fighting services
Urban Heritage 1 Site selection, Planning and Rehabilitation
a. Priority heritage site selected for study
b. Rehabilitation and restoration plans prepared
c. Rehabilitation plans executed using native materials
d. Heritage Conservation Plan preparation for identified sites and programs in ULBs

Local Communities aware of which sites have selected for rehabilitation and restoration
Local community groups have input into rehabilitation and restoration planning progress

Urban Transport Improvement 1 Preparation and implementation of Transport Master Plans
a. Preparation and implementation of parking policies.
b. Increased number of parking places
c. Construction of bridges at congested rail junction
d. Construction of flyovers at congested traffic junctions
Extensive community participation in generation of Master Plans
Reduction in commuting time to and from work
General perception by communities that overall quality of community life has improved
  2 Environmental planning and Mitigation
a. Comprehensive environmental improvement plans generated for each proposed site.
b. Increased number of hygienic toilet facilities installed in selected sites
c. Refuse collected from selected sites

Local Communities aware of environmental improvement plans and supportive of such plans
Communities participates in environmental clean-ups of proximate heritage sites
Increased of community awareness of and supporting for preservation of heritage sites

  3 Environmental planning and Mitigation
a. Comprehensive environmental improvement plans generated for each proposed site.
b. Increased number of hygienic toilet facilities installed in selected sites
c. Refuse collected from selected sites

Local Communities aware of environmental improvement plans and supportive of such plans
Communities participates in environmental clean-ups of proximate heritage sites
Increased of community awareness of and supporting for preservation of heritage sites

Community Action Participation Program (CAPP) 1 a. Preparation and implementation of community awareness and education campaigns
b. Effective utilization of local NGOs to facilitate community awareness and involvement
c. Community participation in decisions regarding infrastructure design and maintenance
d. Training to ULB officials
e. Raising about cost awareness of the benefits

Increase in community awareness of project goals, objectives, and intended impact on local communities
Enhanced willingness of communities to pay for improved infrastructure and services
Local Participative structures created
Education programs based on local needs designed and implemented
Community members feel greater sense of empowerment and control
Institutional Capacity and Development Support 1 a. Identified governance and institutional management training provided to the Investment Program ULB officials.
b. Infrastructure base maps for all the Investment Program ULBs through GIS.
c. Double entry accounting introduced, Financial Management Systems Computerized and asset management systems improved in the investment program ULBs.
d. Performance monitoring at DLB level.


Increase in Institutional capacities of ULBs
Better management and governance of ULBs having base maps.
ULBs feeling great sense of empowerment and control

 

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