Makrana is a municipal council and a tehsil in the Nagaur district of Rajasthan, India. There are 40 Wards under this Municipality, making Makrana one of the biggest City in Nagour District.
Makrana Municipal Board Established in 1954 & Its Upgrade in Municipal Council in April 01, 2013. Makrana is famous for the Marble stone and marble taken from the mines around it.It Known as "Sangmarmar City" Makrana marble was used in construction of the Taj Mahal. Makrana is a large town and has many marble outcrops. Most of the residents in Makrana earn their livelihood from mining marble.
Makrana is located at 27.05°N 74.72°E, and has an average elevation of 408 metres (1,339 ft). It lies in the middle of the Aravalli Range, and these mountains are the source of its fame as a marble producer.
Makrana was a princely state in British India. It is home to some of the world's most renowned white marble sites, from which theTaj Mahal, Victoria Memorial of Kolkata, Birla Temple of Jaipur and Jain Temple of Delwara in Southern Rajasthan were built. It is said that the 1800 artisans who settled Makrana originally came from a coastal strip in the south of Sindh and Balochistan, in Pakistan and Iran, also called Makrana. These artisans came to India to build the Taj Mahal.
Makrana marble is a metamorphic rock. It is found in a single deposit in India. The Makrana marble is 90–98 percent CaCO3.
Makrana has various mines in the Aravallis range, popularly known as Doongri, Devi, Ulodi, Saabwali, Gulabi, Kumari, Neharkhan, Matabhar, Matabhar Kumari, Chuck Doongri, Chosira and Pahar Kua. The Pahar Kua range is thought to be the actual mine from which the marble for the Taj Mahal was extracted.
The Doongri, Devi, Saabwali, Ulodi, Chosira and Neharkhan mines are famous for white marble, whereas Ulodi is famous for albeta marble (white marble with dark patterning). The Gulabi mine produces pink plain and pink adana marble, whereas almost all mines produce adanga marble with brown and grey shades. There are about 800 factories for marble cutting and processing. The factories use gang saws to cut the marble.
Makrana is regarded as the oldest place in India with a marble quarry. Upon mining, Makrana marble is not subjected to any form of treatment, but used in cutting and chiseling straight away. Makrana marble is one of the two calcitic marble varieties in India, with all others being dolomitic. It has two varieties: white and albeta. The quantity of marble reserves in the region is estimated to be 55 million tonnes by the state government. About 120 thousand tonnes of the marble are produced annually from over 400 mines in the region.
Makrana marble has high percentage of calcium and is therefore resistant to water seepage. The water absorption of Makrana marble is said to be the lowest among all types in India, and the marble is claimed to contain 98 percent of calcium carbonate and only two percent of impurities. The different shades of Makrana marble are pure white, white with grey shades and white with pink shades, depending on the level of impurities. The close interlocking property of the marble makes it strong, hard and translucent. It is said to retain its shine and white color for a long period of time.