Jodhpur, formerly known as Marwar, the capital of the Rajput rulers, has long history of various traditions which are followed till date.
Located towards the western side of the capital city of Jaipur, this city is the second biggest city in the state of Rajasthan . Being a place of princely palaces, magnificent forts as well as age old temples, this city of Rajasthan is among the famous tourist destinations in the state as well as India. Positioned in the Thar Desert's stark landscape, Jodhpur experiences a bright and sunny weather all through the year. For this, the city is also known as "Sun City". One of the specialties of this metropolitan city is that almost all the houses based around the fort of Mehrangarh are painted in blue color, due to which the city is even known as the "Blue City".
Jodhpur city is one of the major cities of Rajasthan. It encompasses an area of 22,850 sq.km and houses a population of 21,53,483. It is well connected to the rest of Rajasthan by airways, road and rail links. This city basks in the golden history and heritage of the state and is located at the fringe of the great Thar desert. The city was founded in 1459 A.D by the Rathore rulers.
Some local festivals of Jodhpur city, which may interest visitors, are Nag Panchami, Marwar festivals, Nav Sati, Gangaur, Veerpuri fair, Holi, Diwali. These festivals are celebrated amidst great cheer and religious fervency. The entire city dons a colorful and gay look. The age old traditions and culture of Jodhpur City interest most tourists who undertake a visit to this city.
Polo has been the royal sport of Jodhpur since medieval times. Polo enthusiasts visit the city to participate in the various equestrian events that are held here. Jodhpur is also well known for its furniture industry, handicrafts, glass bangles, cutlery, carpets and marble goods. Jodhpur also boasts of a unique cuisine. The local eateries accord the tourists a delectable platter of local culinary delights.
Jodhpur is a colourful city. It throbs with the romance, beauty, glory and warmth of a populous desert city which has stood testimony to civil wars, love affairs, intrigues and a display of power and wealth. The traditional folk dance and music performances, which are held at night, are great attractions to the visitors.
Demographics of Jodhpur
As per the report of Census, 2011, following are some of the basic demographic details about this Rajasthan city:
• Total population: 3, 685, 681
• Rate of male population: 52.62 %
• Rate of female population: 47.38 %
• Rate of child (Below the age group of 6 years) population: 12.24 %
• Urban population: 1, 137, 815
• Urban male population: 5, 99, 332
• Urban female population: 5, 38, 483
• Average rate of literacy: 81.56 %
• Rate of male literacy: 88.42 %
• Rate of female literacy: 73.93 %
City Name Jodhpur
Nickname Marwar, Sun City, Blue City, Gateway of Thar
District Headquarters Jodhpur
Ward (MC) 65, 2 (OG)
Lat Long 26.23615,73.021889
Area 112.40 km2 (43.40 sq mi)
Population as per 2011 1,033,918
Official Languages Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
STD Code 0291
Transport Air, Road, Rail
Vehicle registration RJ-19
Food and Cuisine Makhaniya Lassi, Pyaaj Ki Kachori, Mirchi Bada, Dal Bati Churma, Lasan Ki Chutney, Mirchi Ka Kutaa, Gatte Ki Sabzi, Ker Sangri Sabzi Raab, Lapsi, Jaggery, Aate Ka Halwa, Kachara Mircha Sabzi, Kadhi Pakoda, Baajre Ka Sogra, Makhanbada, Mawa Ki Kachori, Malpua, Ghevar, Motichur Ke Laddu, Besan barfi, Thorr and Gulab Jamun, Bengali Rasgulla and Ras Malai ect.
Festival Marwar Festival, Gangaur, Baithmaar Gangaur Mela, Teej, Nag Panchmi Fair, Sheetla Mata Fair, Baba Ramdev Pir Mela, Holi, Dipawali etc.
Monuments Mehrangarh Fort, Umaid Bhawan Palace, Jaswant Thada, Ghanta Ghar and Flying Fox, Kaylana Lake and Garden, Balsamand Lake, Mandaleshwar Mahadev Temple (Mandalnath), Ratanada Ganesh Temple, Sardar Samand Lake and Palace, Masooria Hills, Veer Durgadas Smarak, Bhim Bhirak Cave etc.
Places of interest Ganesh Temple, Government Museum, Jaswant Thada, Mehrangarh Fort, Rai ka Bag Palace, Raj Ranchhodji Temple, Siddhnath, Umaid Bhawan Palace, Umaid Garden, Osian Temple, Palette Raj Gallery, Mehrangarh Fort Museum etc.
Markets Sojati Gate, Station Road, Tripolia Bazaar, Mochi Bazaar, Nai Sarak, Clock Tower, Sarafa Bazaar, Lakhera Bazaar, Sardar Market etc.
Hospital All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Mathura Das Mathur Hospital, Rajasthan Hospital and Research Centre, Rajasthan Cancer Cure Hospital, Mahatma Gandhi Hospital etc.
University/College Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur (IITJ), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, National Law University, National Institute of Fashion Technology, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jai Narain Vyas University, Dr. S.N. Medical College, MBM Engineering College, Footwear Design and Development Institute, Indian Institute of Handloom Technology, Sardar Patel University of Police Security and Criminal Justice, Agriculture University, Urdu University, Petroleum University, Government Polytechnic College, Government College of Physical Education, Jodhpur National University etc.